智能铺面的内涵与架构
Concept and Framework of Smart Pavement
投稿时间:2017-01-03  修订日期:2017-06-17
DOI:10.11908/j.issn.0253-374x.2017.08.005     稿件编号:    中图分类号:U411
 
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中文摘要
      对智能铺面的内涵与架构进行诠释与定义.明确未来交通的发展愿景为“零伤害、零延误、零维护、零排放、零失效”.为适应该愿景,借鉴智能生物体的基本要素,将智能铺面定义为由先进的结构材料、感知网络、数据中心、通信网络和能源系统组成,具有主动感知、自动辨析、自主适应、动态交互、持续供能等智能能力的铺面设施.在此基础上,从基本性能、智能能力、网联服务、可持续发展特性等4个方面明确了智能铺面的功能特征,并提出了智能能力的5个等级与要求.从物理要素、信息流向、能量路径、空间位置、P2X(Pavement to X)服务等5个方面构建了智能铺面的架构.成果对指导智能铺面技术的研究与应用具有参考意义.
英文摘要
      The concept and framework of smart pavement are interpreted and proposed in this paper. The vision of transportation system is clarified as “zero casualties, zero delay, zero maintenance, zero emission and zero fail”. Towards the vision, the definition of smart pavement is given based on the elements of smart organism. Smart pavement is defined as an infrastructure that composed of advanced structure and material, monitoring network, data center, communication network and energy supply system, which has the ability of self monitoring, automatic analyzing, self adaptation, information interacting and continue energy supplying. Based on the definition, the function characteristics including basic performance, smart ability, information service, sustainability are proposed. Then a 5 levels system is developed for the smart ability of smart pavement. This paper constructs the framework of Smart pavement from five aspects: physical elements, information direction, energy way, spatial location and P2X (pavement to X) service. The concept and framework can be used as the guide for smart pavement research and application.
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