燃料电池汽车能耗、排放与经济性评估
Energy Consumption, Emissions and Economic Evaluation of Fuel Cell Vehicles
投稿时间:2017-01-22  修订日期:2018-03-08
DOI:10.11908/j.issn.0253-374x.2018.04.012     稿件编号:    中图分类号:U473
 
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中文摘要
      针对电解水制氢路径,深入讨论不同发电方式对燃料电池汽车全生命周期的影响;对不同发电方式下电解水制氢路径的燃料电池汽车采用GREET软件进行能耗、排放、环境影响和替代效益的建模及仿真计算;对不同发电制氢路径的燃料电池汽车综合成本进行计算和分析.结果表明,风能发电电解水制氢路径的能耗和排放最低,对环境最为友好,且经济效益相对较高,是目前实现绿色、高效使用燃料电池汽车的最可行路径.
英文摘要
      Water electrolysis hydrogen production pathways were concerned, and the effects of different power generation modes on the life cycle of fuel cell vehicles were discussed. GREET software was used to model and simulate the energy consumption, emissions, environmental impact and substitutability of fuel cell vehicles with different hydrogen production pathways, in which water electrolysis was powered by different energies. The comprehensive cost calculation and analysis of fuel cell vehicles with different pathways was carried out. The results showed that the hydrogen production pathway, in which water electrolysis is powered by wind energy, had the lowest energy consumption and emissions, being the most environment friendly, meanwhile is relatively higher in economic efficiency. It is the most workable pathway to make green and efficient use of fuel cell vehicles.
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