| According to the problems of space closure, low illumination and high diving risk in tunnel, the cognitive model (namely ACT-R) was introduced to model the cognitive and action in the cognition and control behavior of vehicle driving in tunnel, and the virtual reality technology was used to establish 3D tunnel and its related traffic facilities and landscape model. Secondly, combined with SCANeRTM studio cockpit, a virtual reality (VR) tunnel driving test environment was established. The feasibility of tunnel traffic facilities and landscape evaluation technology based on virtual augmented reality was verified by experiments. It is proved by experiment that track spike, contour mark and tunnel reflector, can improve the field of driver’s vision, relieve the driving pressure in the tunnel, and make the driver drive in a more relaxed state. As a result, they can improve the safety of driving in the tunnel.