浅析中荷历史中7个典型理想城市的水城关系发展
A Brief Analysis of Development of Relationship Between Water and City in 7 Typical Ideal Cities in Ancient China and Modern Netherlands
投稿时间:2020-08-30  
DOI:10.11908/j.issn.0253-374x.20349     稿件编号:    中图分类号:TU984.199
 
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中文摘要
      如今城镇洪涝问题日益严重,国内涉水视角的城镇设计实践(如海绵城市)暴露出一定的局限性。以“水城关系”为线索,通过对中国历史上3座理想城镇及荷兰近现代4个城镇建设实践的抽象结构模型提炼和辨析,提出“离”、“间”、“合”三大策略及其形成的内因和外因,进而辨析不同时代城市面临的水问题及其宜居性改造策略。从中可见,成功的涉水视角城镇设计实践多是在“水城关系”的结构模型逻辑下各种设计策略的综合运用。
英文摘要
      Nowadays, while the flood problem is becoming more serious, there are certain limitations in the practices of urban design in China(such as Sponge City) from the perspective of water. Based on the clue of the “relationship between water and city ”, this paper proposes 3 strategies, “Separation”, “Interval”, “combination”, and their internal and external causes, by refining and discriminating the abstract structural models of 3 ideal cities in ancient China and 4 construction practices in modern Dutch cities, and then analyzes the water problems faced by the cities in different times and the livable reconstruction strategies. It shows that the successful design practice of urban design from the perspective of water is the comprehensive application of the various design strategies under the structural model logic of the relationship between water and cities.
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